Shortest Path Bridging (SPB)

For those of you who have been around long enough to know that “token ring” is not something a guy gives a girl when he’s not ready to get married but wants her to stick around, You are going to LOVE SPB! For those of you newer to networking, you’ll love it too, but perhaps not with the same level of appreciation.

And yes, I am almost afraid to admit that I understand that ArcNet is not a type of basketball shot, and that at one time ATM was NOT a machine that you used to withdraw funds from your account. But maybe that explains why I am so excited about the new era of networking that is known as “Fabric”.

Over the years we have seen the number of Data Link and Network Layer protocols whittled down to Ethernet and IP, while the number of routing protocols (RIP, RIPII, OSPF) and Transport Layers (UDP, TCP, RDP) increased to address the advent of new applications emerging. I stand in awe of the folks on the IETF along with their ingenuity to extend IPV4 well past its expected lifespan through creative methods devised via subnetting, use of private subnets, NAT, spoofing, etc. You really need to take your hat off to these creative individuals. Talk about making the most of something!

That being said, deploying a network in the era of the “Internet of things”, is to say the least quite challenging. Those of you who are tasked with maintaining the IP Addressing

5 Cyber Threats Puzzling AngularJS Web & App Development Companies in 2016

According to Gartner, by 2020, the vulnerability of IoT would be the prime reason behind 25% of the enterprise data attack. And, 40% of the IT enterprises adhering to DevOps culture for software delivery will resort to self-testing, self-diagnosing and self-protection technologies to secure their apps. In the wake of the situation, individuals and businesses either involved in AngularJS web development or going for the web development service must know what are the key cyber threats.

Take a note of 5 cyber threats trending in 2016. Some emerged in the past, but experts warn of their intense comeback.

Retail Data Intruder

This type of malicious software target the retail websites and apps and their potential victims are no other than the innocent shoppers. The attackers trick them to reveal or submit their personal or financial details including credit, debit card information, TAN numbers, etc. through rogue software applications offered by them. This sneaky practice is also called phishing. AngularJS web developers building retail web applications need to do a serious brainstorming on the issue in order to evolve their practices and deliver robust products that can stay immune to such illicit malware.

Mobile Threats

With the desktop and laptop going the Dodo way and the smartphone becoming the dominant medium of digital consumption, hackers are also shifting their attention to the new platform. They are trying to inject the vulnerabilities into the mobile websites and apps in order to steal personal and sensitive information from consumers. Their special breed of threats can track keystrokes

Best Web Programming Languages: Every Beginner Should Know

The industry of computer science is flourishing in the global world, and the best aspect is it pays off excellent! There has been, and is always, the demand for qualified, sharp and intellectual engineers and that is the reason why youngsters are learning codes as it is the most appealing option. However, with new skills coming up in the industry, youngsters are finding it difficult to understand the ways to start.

When you are about to start, you need to know in brief about the programming languages. You definitely need to make efforts to master in the respected language (one or more), and the result will be a high paying job on your platter in the leading industry. Let us have a quick look at the 6 most popular and rewarding web programming languages of 2016 that you can go for.


• It is the latest or advanced version of Hypertext Markup Language which includes behaviors, new attributes and elements.

• It helps with enhanced flexibility, offers features of- offline editing, drag/drop, improved messaging, and elimination of outdated attributes.

• Offers high speed optimization, styling, 2D and 3D graphics, connectivity, multimedia and integrated performance.


• It is simple and easy to learn, and it compatible with any older versions.

• It has a speedy development, features can be changed easily, has a compatible browser and independent platform.

• Easy to add animations and images, texts and borders, which enhances overall appearance.

• Testing features is now easy with the latest version of CSS.

• New tools

9 Reasons Why Business Owners Should Go for PHP Web Development Services

Business – small or large – now flourishes online. This has called for website development that can offer a dynamic interface. To stay on the top in search engine ranks, websites have to change their content (graphics, videos, text and more) frequently. From static to dynamic, websites have now come of age, thanks to PHP web development services offered by PHP developers and programmers.

PHP first appeared in 1995 and since then, it has garnered tremendous popularity. Probably the fact that Harvard University and Facebook have been developed on PHP has shot up its popularity and credibility. A PHP development company prefers this server-side scripting language because websites can be maintained easily.

Let us now check why business owners should opt for PHP web development services for their websites.

1. It is FREE!

This is the biggest advantage for any business. PHP is an open source. All you need to do is hire web developers, who possess extraordinary skill in languages like C and Java. They can do wonders for your website and consequently, your business.

2. Better Returns

Any businessman would expect high returns on investment. In a highly competitive business environment, you need to capture the attention of visitors; once they regularly visit your websites, you need to convert them from visitors to customers. Since PHP offers dynamic website creation, you get more visitors on your website. This means high returns on your investment.

3. Huge Supply

There is a striking balance between demand and supply of PHP web developers. PHP web development is in

History of Computer Software and Programming

Being able to program a computer or create software is akin to knowing another language. This is not something that comes easily to everyone, and in the very beginning, it was nearly impossible for most to master.

There was no conception of computing in the worlds of our ancient ancestors. Their conceptions of computing were limited to math skills, and the technology used was an abacus. Simple devices that used pegs and cams were later used to control movements, but this is a far cry from what the world is used to today.

Real computer programming can be traced back to the 1880’s and the recording of data that was then read by a machine. This was accomplished using simple punched cards, and became the foundation of the data processing industry. In 1896 the Tabulating Machine Company was founded which would later turn into a small company we now know as IBM.

Before the 1950’s it was likely to find that each machine was using a different set of instructions, even when they served the same purpose. This was due to each program being painstakingly created individually, which led to slight variations from one machine to the next.

You could liken those early days to trying to use your beard trimmer without any real beard style in mind. You hit the power button, and get to work, keeping your fingers crossed that your beard will turn out all right. Programmers were working willy-nilly, making up stuff as they went along and hoping

Innovative Magento Developers Integrating the Best of Digital & Physical Shopping Experiences

The world of trade and commerce has undergone drastic changes with advent of the internet. These days, the entire domain of commercial activities revolves around the virtual entity of the World Wide Web (WWW). In this circumstance, businesses that sustain on eCommerce and multiple servers are obviously thriving. Among the vast list of eCommerce platforms, robust, open-source, cloud-based and secured platform of Magento deserves to be specially mentioned.

Magento – At a glance

Businesses that are powered by Magento enjoy certain benefits. The eCommerce platform has:

  • A lower learning curve
  • Reasonable maintenance cost as compared to the other open-source platforms
  • It offers adequate security
  • The methodologies are not only impressive but agile as well

As such, Magento customization is dependent on the Zend framework and PHP 5.

Realistic and secured

Now, commercial enterprises require websites to cater to their respective customer base 24×7. However, they invariably come across several challenges day in and day out while running their business online. The best possible way to resolve all these challenges is Magento customization. The fraternity of eCommerce websites certainly requires to appear realistic to online customers. Simultaneously, the aspect of security happens to be of paramount importance too.

The eCommerce platform of Magento caters to all the aspects that businesses require to operate online. In fact, it is an ideal platform for all categories of businesses to develop their respective websites. Commercial prospect of technically sound Magento developers is rising exponentially in this situation.

The vast online community

Another significant advantage of investing into this eCommerce platform is its robust user community,

Strong and Scalable PHP Application to Improve Your Web Presence

PHP is a popular HTML – embedded scripting language which is widely utilized to write dynamic web pages quickly and easily. PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, it is previously known as Personal Home Page. PHP is open source software innovated in the year of 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf. PHP scripts are normally enacted on the server. PHP is also used as general purpose programming language.

The PHP language empowers your website with comprehensive plug and play features. You might question what differentiates PHP language from client side JavaScript? The main thing is that the code is executed on the server, producing HTML that sent to the client side, then client would receive the outcomes of running the script, but would not be able to understand that the elements were there in the code. One can set his web server to process all HTML files with PHP language.

PHP for Open Source Development PHP, a scripting language for the purpose of fast placed, dependable as well as high performance based web development that provides websites the edge and touch to enhance the performance as well as high-end navigation experience. By embracing PHP to design, develop and maintenance of websites, a PHP developer offers the combined advantages of clarity and coherence in user-experience as well as flexibility to perform simple to complex and more complex functions. A PHP developer can equip with Open Source and PHP programming. He or she can be a specialist in working with multiple projects with multiple platforms

Steps in the Website Development and Promotion Process

Web development is a website or a web application creating process. The main steps of the process are web design, HTML coding, programming on the client and on the server side and a web server configuration.

Stages of website development:

– design the site (technical specification development, design an interface);
– create the site concept;
– create page layouts;
– create multimedia elements;
– HTML coding;
– programming;
– optimization;
– testing;
– release;
– marketing (promotion);
– maintenance.

Some of this steps might be omitted or can be closely linked with each other.

Creation of technical specifications

The project manager is drafting the terms of reference for specialists. Work with the customer begins from filling the brief in which the customer expresses his wishes regarding the visual presentation and structure of the site, points out errors in the old version of the site, provides competitors’ sites examples.

The design of main pages of the site and model

The work begins with the creation of the design in the graphical editor. Designer creates one or more design options according to the terms of reference.

HTML coding

The approved design is transmitted to HTML-coder, which “cuts” the graphic images into separate images. As a result, he creates a code that can be viewed by your browser. A typical page will be used as a template.


Then HTML-files are transferred to the programmer. The site can be programmed from scratch or just based on some CMS (Content management system).


SEO-optimization is associated with some modifications of the site. SEO-optimization starts with defining